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Increasing the cultural competence of health care providers serving Minnesota's diverse populations
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Know Your Community - Socio-Economic Status
Learn the demographic, socioeconomic, and health status characteristics of the Minnesota counties and cities you serve.
Demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status can influence a person's health behaviors, affect access to health care, and indicate an increased likelihood of certain health conditions. Several data sources are available that can assist health care organizations in learning more about the characteristics of the communities they serve so they can develop the culturally sensitive services and processes necessary to support delivery of equitable and effective health care.
Across Minnesota, high school graduation rates increased between 2012 and 2016, from 77.9% to 82.2%, respectively. High school graduation rates for populations of color are lower than the state rate, but also have increased between 2012 and 2016, from 60.1% to 68%, respectively.
Income level influences an individual’s access to health insurance and health care, and is used to determine poverty status, which may determine eligibility for various assistance programs. Rates of uninsured can be difficult to measure. Wide variability exists across racial and ethnic groups. Historically, white populations are the most likely to be insured and Hispanic/Latino populations are the least likely to be insured.
Employment or lack of employment influences a variety of social and health risks, such as access to health care insurance, or psychological needs. For example, employed individuals in office-based occupations are at risk for repetitive stress injuries and musculoskeletal disorders due to the sedentary nature of this work. Individuals who are unemployed or experience job insecurity may face health risks such as increased blood pressure and stress.
Community Profiles for Twin Cities Area. Information and trends about the Twin Cities region or any city, county or township. Includes charts and data on population, employment, income and poverty, housing, commuting, land use, and development. Metropolitan Council
Minnesota Immigrant Population 2000-2015. Statewide data on various immigrant populations, includes population size; age; gender; length of time in the U.S.; as well as status of English speaking, poverty, workforce participation, and education attainment, among other data points. Minnesota Compass
Chronic stress associated with lower socioeconomic status can contribute to morbidity and mortality and is linked to a wide range of health problems, including arthritis, cancer, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and low birthweight.
Consider how a patient's socioeconomic status (education, income, occupation) may affect health risks and ability to follow treatment plans. Become familiar with eligibility requirements and service offerings from local health, housing, and social service programs, including medical assistance, food support, and cash assistance. Dial 211 United Way First Call for Help to get information and referrals about employment, health services, etc. Establish a culturally sensitive plan for identifying and referring patients who may benefit.
tel: 952-854-3306 | toll-free: 1-877-STRATIS